Name: AGRA, Country Case Studies on the PASS Value Chain Strategy and its Impact on Smallholder Farmer Yields in Africa
Year: 2011
Client: AGRA
Country: Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya
Background: The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) is a partnership of The Rockefeller Foundation and The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the UK Department for International Development (DFID) working with African governments, other donors, NGOs, the private sector and African farmers to significantly and sustainably improve the productivity and incomes of resource poor farmers in Africa.

AGRA’s vision is of a food secure and prosperous Africa achieved through rapid, sustainable agricultural growth based on smallholder farmers who are primarily engaged in the production of staple food crops in Africa.

The Program for Africa’s Seed Systems (PASS) is one of the four Programs of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). The purpose of the Program for Africa’s Seed Systems (PASS) is to increase income, improve food security and reduce poverty by promoting the development of seed systems that deliver improved, locally-adapted crop varieties to small-scale farmers in an efficient, equitable and sustainable manner.

Objectives: The objective of the case studies is to assess the flow of improved seeds across the PASS supply chains strategy to smallholder farmers and its effect on farmer yields.

Specific objectives included:

  • trace the uptake pathways of selected improved seed varieties released with support from PASS across the seed supply chain till they reach the farmer – assessing the strengths, constraints and opportunities (if any);
  • assess farmer’s yields stemming from PASS improved seed supply and compare with yields of other improved varieties being applied by farmers;
  • assess the level of women farmers accessibility to improved seeds
  • assess farmer’s perceptions/expectations on the utility of small seed packs and the quality of improved seed being supplied by PASS supported seed companies, cooperatives and farmer groups

the level of farmer fertilizer use and its relationship to improved seed application

Activities: JIMAT working with ALINE (IDS) and ITAD:

  • recruited and managed partners to implement surveys in the three countries;
  • clarified the PASS assumptions and hypotheses
  • clarified study design and methodology included determination of counterfactual
  • determined the particular varieties per country and the sample size;
  • conducted farmer quantitative surveys and other qualitative surveys across the value chain

completed data analysis and report writing

Special Recognition: