Name: Environmental Impact Assessment of proposed Livelihoods and Food Security Programme in Binga and Nyaminyami Districts   
Year: 2007
Client: Save The Children (UK)
Country: Zimbabwe
Background: Save the Children (UK), in collaboration with Sida, implemented a livelihoods and food security programme in Binga and Nyaminyami districts. The programmes were implemented over a two year period and involved activities such as distribution of agricultural inputs, establishment of herbal gardens and livestock restocking programmes targeting vulnerable groups along the Zambezi valley. They required an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) prior to the implementation of the programmes.
Objectives: The objective of the assignment was to carry out surveys, conduct studies, and assist Save the Children in consultations with the community as well as with all the stakeholders and compile an EIA report in line with Sida guidelines. The EIA covered likely construction, operation, restoration and post-implementation activities and included an assessment of the environmental and social impacts relating to the:

I.              physical and geographical suitability and public acceptability of the proposed interventions

II.            erosion and pollution abatement options to be employed

III.           management control and operational practices to be employed

IV.          potential for accidents and failures to be foreseen and mitigated

Activities: The following tasks were performed:

  • Description of the proposed project using maps with appropriate scales.
  • Description of the environment through an evaluation and presentation of baseline data on the relevant environmental characteristics of the area. This included:

Physical environment: geomorphology, meteorology, surface hydrology and fluvial incision, soils and climate.

Biological environment; an inventory of flora and fauna, sensitive habitants and endangered species and forests.

Socio-cultural environment: human factors, land use and land features, planned development activities, community perception of development activities, community structures.

Hazard vulnerability: vulnerability of the area to flooding, droughts.

  • Legislative and Regulatory Considerations describing the pertinent legislation, regulations and standards and the environmental policies and international conventions that were relevant and applicable to the project and identifying the appropriate authority jurisdictions for the project.
  • Determining the potential impacts of the proposed intervention by identifying potential negative and positive impacts of proposed intervention.
  • An analysis of alternatives to the project that would achieve the same objective including the “no action” alternative. Distinguishing the most environmentally friendly alternatives.

Formulation of an environmental management plan

  • Mitigation plan

Recommendation and description of measures to avoid and mitigate negative impact or major risks identified. We proposed options of compensation to affected parties for impacts which cannot be mitigated.

  • Monitoring plan

Identification of the critical issues requiring monitoring to ensure compliance to mitigation measures. There should be a clear delineation of responsibilities between the proponent, community groups and state agencies.

  • Management Plan

We prepared an environmental management plan for the proposed interventions.